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The Beginner's Guide To Birthstones

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(image source: geologyin.com)

It is believed that the birthstones can be traced back to the Bible. In Exodus 28, Moses sets forth directions to make a unique garment for Aaron, the High Priest of the Hebrews. It was a breastplate that contained twelve precious gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel.

These twelve stones went to be linked to the twelve signs of the zodiac and eventually associated with the twelve months of the calendar year. Each stone is believed to have magical healing powers or bring good luck and are especially beneficial for those who born the month that they represent.


Garnet comes in a rainbow of colors; from the blazing orange of Mandarin Garnet to the vibrant green of Tsavorite Garnet. But the most widely recognized color is that of Pyrope Garnet which is a distinct shade of red that looks like pomegranate seeds. Garnet is an ideal gift to symbolize friendship and faith.


Amethyst is a variety of Quartz that bears a dramatic purple color that ranges from a mysterious violet and red to a clearer lilac shade. Ancient Greeks believed that the stone shielded the wearer from drunkenness and allowed them to maintain a steady mindset.


Aquamarine has a bright color and has long been a symbol of youthfulness, vitality, and hope. Its color ranges from pale to dark blue that is reminiscent of the ocean.


Diamonds are associated with love which makes it the ideal gift for a loved one. Clear, white diamonds are most common but colored diamonds can be found in yellow, blue, and pink. It is one of the most valuable and expensive of the birthstones.


Emerald carries the striking green color of Spring. They are deemed to be a symbol of rebirth and love. Emeralds are one of the rarest gemstones and are mined in Colombia, Afghanistan, Brazil and Zambia.


June has two birthstones; the pearl and Alexandrite. Pearls are widely popular for their natural beauty. Alexandrite gemstones are very rare and desired because they change color based on the lighting.


Rubies represent love, health, and wisdom. It was believed wearing red Ruby bequeathed prosperity on its owner. A ruby is the most valuable gemstone, and its value rises based on its color and quality.


August also has two birthstones; Peridot and Spinel. Peridot has a distinct lime green color and is thought to instill power and influence. Spinel comes in a beautiful rainbow of colors and protects the owner from harm and deflects sadness.


Sapphire is most sought after in its pure blue color but comes in almost every color including pink, yellow and green. In the Middle Ages, the gem was thought to defend those close to you from harm and also symbolized honor and loyalty.


October also has two birthstones; Tourmaline and Opal. Tourmaline is a favorite gemstone for many because it’s available in so many beautiful colors. Opal gemstones are unique as each specific gem has a one-of-a-kind color combination.


November birthdays are connected with two gems; Citrine and Topaz. The glowing color of Citrine is said to be a gift from the sun, and it’s believed to have healing powers. Topaz is most coveted in its rich orange Imperial Topaz color but is also found in a variety of colors like blue, pink and yellow.


December has three gemstones; Zircon, Tanzanite, and Turquoise. Each of these gemstones carries a distinct blue tone. Zircon can be found in a variety of colors, but blue seems to be the favorite. Turquoise is the bright blue to a blue-green mineral that has been used in jewelry and sculptures for over 6000 years. Turquoise is a purification stone.

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